A strong Biblical case
can be made that the Rapture, the coming of Jesus Christ for His people, will occur prior to the coming Tribulation spoken about in Matthew 24 and the Book of Revelation.
Let’s start by looking at the classic New Testament passage on the Rapture.
1 Thessalonians 4:16
“For the Lord Himself [Jesus] will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first.”
Pause there for a moment.
There’s coming a time when Jesus Christ will “descend from heaven” (v. 16). When this happens, Paul says the “dead in Christ will rise first” (v. 16). What’s he saying? The dead in Christ will rise? Paul is saying that when Jesus descends from Heaven, He is going to resurrect the bodies of “the dead in Christ,” a reference to Christian believers who have died. When Jesus descends from Heaven to gather His people, these persons’ bodies are going to be resurrected.
When a Christian dies, his spirit immediately goes into the presence of God. Jesus told the repentant thief on the cross, “Truly I say to you, today you shall be with me in Paradise” (Luke 23:43). The very day this man died, he would be with Jesus in Paradise. In 2 Corinthians 5:8, the apostle Paul said, “we are of good courage, I say, and prefer to be absent from the body and to be at home with the Lord.”
So, that is what happens to those who have trusted in Jesus Christ when their bodies die. Their spirits go to be with the Lord. Their bodies are laid to sleep in the ground.
When Jesus descends from Heaven to meet us in the clouds, their bodies will “rise” (1 Thessalonians 4:16). They will be resurrected and reunited to their spirits that have been with the Lord since the time of their death.
Some have wondered how God could resurrect bodies that have been cremated and even thrown to the sea. Well, this won’t be a problem for the Lord. God created man from “dust” (Genesis 2:7) and the Bible says that “nothing will be impossible with God” (Luke 1:37). The Bible even mentions the fact that at the resurrection for the great white throne judgment, after the Millennium, “the sea” will give up its dead (Revelation 20:13). Think of all the people who have died at sea and what’s become of their bodies. Even they will be resurrected. So the condition of the body does not matter. The God who spoke the universe into existence out of nothing is fully able to reassemble decayed bodies in a moment of time (1 Corinthians 15:35–58).
So, what happens after the dead in Christ are raised? Paul continues in verse 17….
1 Thessalonians 4:17
“Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air….”
THE WORD HARPAZO
Note those two English words “caught up” there in verse 17. Those two words are the English translation of the Greek word “harpazo.” A Greek lexicon says this word harpazo (“caught up”) can be correctly translated as:
• to seize, carry off by force
• to seize on, claim for oneself eagerly
• to snatch out or away (Source)
This word harpazo is used 13 times in the New Testament. It’s used of Philip in Acts 8:39 when Luke writes that “the Spirit of the Lord snatched Philip away” and brought him to another place. It’s also used of Christ’s ascension into Heaven (Revelation 12:5; cf. Acts 1:11). In light of the way the word harpazo is used in the New Testament, there can be no doubt that it is describing an actual removal of people from the Earth when used here in 1 Thessalonians 4:17.
So, that is what is going to happen to a generation of believers who have put their faith in Jesus Christ and who are “alive” (1 Thessalonians 4:17) on the Earth at the time this event occurs. They (perhaps us) are going to escape death and be “seized,” “carried off,” and “caught up” “to meet the Lord in the air” (1 Thessalonians 4:17). How amazing will that be to see Jesus in-person for the first time? The One who created us? The One who saved us? To finally behold our Maker with our own eyes! That’s going to be so amazing!
Now, something astounding happens as we ascend to meet the Lord. This is spoken about in 1 Corinthians 15…
1 Corinthians 15:51–52
“Behold, I tell you a mystery; we shall not all sleep [a euphemism, a figure of speech, to say we shall not all die], but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye…”
When Jesus comes, His followers are going to be changed in the blink of an eye. Our mortal bodies that are subject to death and disease and so forth will “be changed” into incorruptible, immortal “heavenly” bodies (1 Corinthians 15:48) and we will “meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord” (1 Thess. 4:17). Aren’t you looking forward to this!—a new body fit for eternity?…spending eternity “with the Lord” (v. 17)? I am!
Why do I believe this glorious event will occur prior to the Tribulation spoken about in Matthew 24 and the Book of Revelation?
1. The Bible says that God has not appointed us, His church, to His wrath.
You Bible students know that the coming Tribulation is that very thing: a time when God is going to pour out His “wrath” (Revelation 6:16) on an unrepentant, God-rejecting, sinful world. Where does the Bible say the church in not appointed to this wrath? Well, for starters, just a few verses down from the passage we just looked at in 1 Thessalonians. Right after Paul talks about the Rapture, he says in chapter 5:2 and following…
1 Thessalonians 5:2–11
2 For you yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord [a way of referring to the coming judgment of God, the Tribulation] so comes as a thief in the night.
3 For when THEY [nonbelievers, those living in “darkness” v. 4] say, “Peace and safety!” then sudden destruction comes upon [who?] THEM, as labor pains upon a pregnant woman. And THEY shall not escape.
Those living in darkness “shall not escape,” he says, but WE (who have been reconciled to God) will! And he goes on to make this clear in v. 4 and following….
1 Thessalonians 5:2–11
4 But you, brethren, are not in darkness, so that this Day should overtake you as a thief. [Why? Paul answers that in v. 9]
9 “For God did not appoint us to wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, 10 who died for us, that whether we wake [live] or sleep [die], we should live together with Him. 11 Therefore comfort each other and edify one another, just as you also are doing.”
So, the Bible says we (the brethren v. 4, followers of Jesus) are not appointed to this future time of wrath. Well, how are we going to avoid ending up in it? Paul already told the Thessalonians the answer to that question in chapter 1:10 when he said that it is…
1 Thessalonians 1:10
“…Jesus, who delivers us from the wrath to come.”
[from the coming time of Tribulation]
Friend, God is not going to pour His wrath out on His bride.
“The LORD will take vengeance on His adversaries, and He reserves wrath for His enemies.”
As the great theologian and Bible commentator Norman Geisler pointed out, “Christ has already experienced God’s wrath for believers…There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus (Romans 8:1). Because Christ bore God’s wrath for us…there is no reason for the church to experience [it].”
There is also historical precedent in the Bible to believe that God will intervene to save His people before He pours out His judgment. In Genesis 7, God rescued Noah and his family before He poured out His wrath and judgment. In Genesis 18–19, God rescued Lot and his family before He poured out His wrath on Sodom and Gomorrah. In the Book of Exodus, God rescued the first-born Hebrew males in Egypt before judgment fell. These examples of God’s deliverance strengthen our conviction that we’re interpreting the New Testament passages correctly when we conclude that God will deliver us from His wrath before the Tribulation period.
1 Thessalonians 1:10 says, “Jesus…delivers us from the wrath to come.”
OBJECTION: “Now hold on a second here, Charlie. Let me ask you a question about these verses in 1 Thessalonians (God not appointing us to wrath). Why are you so sure that Paul is talking about the wrath of the Tribulation? Perhaps he’s talking about saving us from eternal wrath—punishment in Hell.”
RESPONSE: Well, if you examine the context of 1 Thessalonians 5, you’ll notice that Paul is not talking about eternal wrath (Hell), but the wrath that will come upon nonbelievers on the Earth who are saying “Peace and safety!” (1 Thessalonians 5:3) during the “Day of the Lord” (a way of referring to the Tribulation in 5:2). Another indicator that Paul is talking about earthly Tribulation wrath is that a person can be rescued from it by the return of Christ, as we shall see momentarily.
2. Revelation 3:10-11 says the church will be kept from the time of the Tribulation.
Why don’t you turn with me in your Bible to Revelation chapter 3. Notice what Revelation 3:10 says. Jesus is speaking “to the churches” (3:13)…
“Because you have kept My command to persevere, I also will keep you from the hour of trial which shall come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the Earth.”
Now, John MacArthur, the well-known Bible commentator, says, “In the Greek, the phrase ‘I also will keep you from’ can mean nothing other than ‘I will prevent you from entering into.’”
I agree. Notice the verse again carefully. Jesus is not saying that believers will be protected as they go through the trials of the Tribulation period but that they will be kept from the very time period, the very hour, of the Tribulation.
And this seems to fit perfectly with what we just read in 1 Thessalonians 5:9, that the church is not appointed to this time; it’s not appointed to this wrath. How will the church be kept from this time period? Well, notice in verse 11 (the very next verse here in Revelation 3). Jesus lets us know the means of deliverance. He says, “I am coming quickly” (Revelation 3:11). And what Jesus says here meshes perfectly with what we read a couple of minutes ago in 1 Thessalonians 1:10 where Paul said that Jesus is the One who “delivers us from the wrath to come.” The deliverance of the church out of the coming time of testing will occur through Jesus’ coming for the church.
Now, you Bible students probably know that this word “quickly” doesn’t mean “soon.” It has been two thousand years since Jesus said these words. The expression “quickly” is to be understood as something which is sudden and unexpected, not necessarily immediate. When Jesus comes for His church, it will occur suddenly—unexpectedly—to keep them from the hour of testing, the time of His wrath.
OBJECTION: “Well, hold on, Charlie. Jesus’ promise here in Revelation 3:10 was made to a particular church, the church of Philadelphia in Asia Minor (Revelation 3:7). How can you apply this to the church of today?”
RESPONSE: Good question. One of the reasons we believe this promise is applicable to churches outside of Philadelphia is because Jesus’ promise was not just given to the church in Philadelphia. If you continue reading past Revelation 3:10 where the promise of deliverance is given, Jesus goes on to say in verse 13:
“He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.”
Not just one church, but churches–plural! So yes, the message was originally delivered to the church in Philadelphia, but it was recorded in the Book of Revelation for all genuine believers who make up the true church of God.
OBJECTION: “Perhaps Jesus was just addressing these words to the local churches there in Asia Minor and speaking about deliverance from regional tribulation rather than worldwide Tribulation.”
RESPONSE: Well, when you examine Jesus’ words here in their context (the context of the Book of Revelation) it seems pretty clear that what Jesus had in mind was the worldwide Tribulation described in chapters 6–18. Notice again in Revelation 3:10 that Jesus even tells us that the trial He’s speaking of is one “which shall come upon [Asia Minor? No.] the whole world, to test those who dwell on the Earth.” That’s the trial Jesus is going to keep the church from, the one “which shall come upon the whole world”!
3. The church is not mentioned at all in Revelation 6–18, the time of the great Tribulation.
In Revelation chapters 1–3 the word church or churches is used 19 times. Then when the Tribulation begins in chapter 6 and progresses through chapter 18, the word is not mentioned again. Then it reoccurs after the Second Coming (in Revelation 19) and in John’s discussion of the new heaven and new Earth (22:16).
Well, this is pretty striking! There’s not a single mention of the church during the chapters detailing the events of the Tribulation. One would reasonably assume that if the church were on the Earth rather than in Heaven in chapters 6–18, the word “church” would be used with similar frequency, but such is not the case. The utter silence regarding the church is another evidence that leads me to believe that the church will not be present on the Earth during the Tribulation.
OBJECTION: “Ah, but Revelation 6:9 talks about those who will be killed because of their commitment to the Word of God during the Tribulation. And Revelation 13:7 talks about the Antichrist making war with the “saints” and overcoming them. It seems that there will be believers on the Earth during the Tribulation.”
RESPONSE: That is a good observation. In response to this, I would agree. The people the Antichrist will war against will be believers! There will be believers on the Earth during the Tribulation. And one of the reasons why is because Revelation 14:6–7 says there will be an angel who will fly around “carrying the everlasting Good News to preach to the people who belong to this world—to every nation, tribe, language, and people.”
So the gospel is going to go out in a powerful way during the Tribulation. And many people will believe. Revelation 7:9 says a number no man could count are going to come to faith during this time and be granted everlasting life. But these believers, whether they be saved Israelites or saved Gentiles, are never referred to with any of the terms which are characteristic of the church, the Body of Christ. They are called saints, but as Norman Geisler points out…
“The word saints, used several times during the Tribulation, need not mean ‘those who were believers in Christ before the Tribulation began.’ There were saints (godly ones) in the Old Testament (Ps. 85:8), there are saints today (1 Cor. 1:2), and there will be saints during the Tribulation (Rev. 13:7); this is a common word for believers of all ages.” (Norman Geisler, Systematic Theology, Vol. 4, 614)
4. Jesus’ promise in John 14 to return and take believers back to His Father’s house supports a pretribulational Rapture.
One of the glaring problems with the posttribulational view is that it does not harmonize with what Jesus said in John 14. Notice what Jesus said here on the eve of His crucifixion, starting in verse 1…
“Let not your heart be troubled; you believe in God, believe also in Me. In My Father’s house are many mansions; if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also.”
Jesus says that when He comes again, He’s going to take us somewhere, not back to the Earth, but to His Father’s house (a place He went to prepare for us). This seems to rule out the possibility that Jesus is going to come back at the end of the Tribulation, meet us in the air, and then immediately bring us right back down to the Earth to reign with Him in His millennial kingdom.
That view (the posttribulational view) does not harmonize with Jesus’ own words here in John 14:1–3. This is a major problem for the posttribulational position.
5. A posttribulational Rapture makes the Rapture completely pointless (unnecessary).
What do I mean? Well, if God is going to preserve (protect) the church during the Tribulation, as posttribulationists often believe, then why would there be a need for a Rapture at all? It makes no sense to Rapture believers (at the end of the Tribulation, meet them in the air) just to return them immediately to the Earth.
Now, obviously we want our theology to be built upon the Word of God and not guided by just answering the question “Does this make sense?” But I think this is a legitimate question to ask, “What purpose would a Rapture at the end of the Tribulation serve?”
OBJECTION: “Well, Charlie, I could use this kind of reasoning with the pretribulational view. I could say, ‘It makes no sense for Jesus to leave Heaven only to go right back to Heaven.’”
RESPONSE: I disagree. I think the Pretribulational Rapture makes great sense. Why? Because it serves a good purpose! Jesus is going to meet His bride “in the air” (1 Thessalonians 4:17) in order to “deliver us from the wrath to come” (1 Thessalonians 1:9) and bring us back to His Father’s house (John 14:1–3). Those seem like pretty good reasons for Jesus to step out of Heaven to me!
What doesn’t make sense is taking believers up into the air at the end of the Tribulation, only to bring us right back down to where we just were (on the Earth).
6. The New Testament does not warn of an impending Tribulation for church-age believers.
The New Testament has numerous warnings. It warns believers…
• of false doctrine and false prophets (Acts 20:29–30; 2 Peter 2:1; 1 John 4:1–3)
• against ungodly living (Ephesians 4:25-5:7; 1 Thessalonians 4:3–8; Hebrews 12:1)
• and of present tribulation (persecution) (1 Thessalonians 2:14–16; 2 Thessalonians 1:4; all of 2 Peter)
…but never of God’s judgment during the Tribulation. Warnings about the Tribulation are always directed at nonbelievers. Well, we believe this is because Jesus “delivers us from the wrath to come” (1 Thessalonians 1:10).
“WE DESERVE THE TRIBULATION” OBJECTION
OBJECTION: “Well Charlie, when I look at the compromise and sin taking place today amongst Christians, I think we deserve God’s wrath; we deserve to go through the Tribulation. We’ve had it too good. I think God is going to purify the church by making us go through the Tribulation.”
RESPONSE: I’ve heard this from several Christians over the last decade or two—usually American Christians. I never hear this from our brothers and sisters who are being persecuted and killed in Iran, Egypt, North Korea, or Nigeria. Christians there are already suffering in terrible ways. And those who say “The church needs to be refined before going to Heaven” overlook the fact that millions of Christians have been going to Heaven for two thousand years without having been “refined” or “purified” by the Tribulation.
To insist that Christians need to be purified before going to Heaven sounds like the Catholic church’s teaching on Purgatory, which we reject as having no basis in Scripture. Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross has purified us and made us ready for Heaven (Hebrews 10:14).
7. The Bible says that the Rapture is something that should “comfort” believers.
In John 14:1, Jesus says, “Let not your heart be troubled” immediately before He speaks of coming back to take us to His Father’s house. Immediately after talking about the Rapture in 1 Thessalonians 4:17, Paul writes (in v. 18): “Therefore comfort one another with these words.” Notice that. He doesn’t say, “Scare one another with these words!” He doesn’t warn us to “Stockpile food and weapons, keep your eye out for the Antichrist, and try to find a good hiding place.” No. Comfort!
Well, if the pretribulational position is incorrect (and Christians are going to have to live through some or all of the wrath of the Tribulation) these words of Jesus and Paul––to be comforted––seem like pretty odd exhortations. For, Christians on the verge of the
Tribulation would have some pretty good reasons to be troubled. There is going to be great suffering unlike the world has ever seen during the Tribulation period (Matthew 24:21).
The Book of Revelation tells us that more than half of the world’s population will die during this time (Rev. 6:7–8, 9:13–15), including many believers (Rev. 7:14).
The promise of a Rapture halfway through or at the end of the Tribulation (if you managed to even survive!) would not offer much comfort. But because Jesus is the One “who delivers us from the wrath to come” (1 Thessalonians 1:10), and because He’s going to take us to His Father’s house (John 14:1–3), there’s no reason to be troubled. The message of Jesus’ personal return for the church is truly a comforting message…if you belong to Him.
If you don’t belong to Him, the thought of being left behind to face this terrible time of God’s judgment should terrify you. At least enough to cause you to turn from your sins and trust in Jesus so that you can be forgiven and reconciled to God.
8. The Bible teaches that Christ’s coming is imminent.
Jesus’ coming is depicted in the Scriptures as imminent. That is to say, the New Testament indicates that Jesus could come at any moment. Consider a couple of these verses. And then I’ll point out why they support a pretribulational Rapture.
“We should live soberly, righteously, and godly in the present age, looking for the blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ.”
“For our citizenship is in Heaven, from which we also eagerly wait for [“look for” KJV] the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ…”
Over and over in the New Testament, we are led to believe that Jesus’ coming for His church could happen at any time. These verses (and many others) instruct us to look for, watch for, and wait for Jesus’ coming.
These exhortations would seem quite odd if the Rapture is not going to happen until the middle or end of the Tribulation. Why? Well, because certain end-time events would have to take place years before Jesus could come back. Events like:
• The revealing of the man of sin (2 Thessalonians 2:3)
• The abomination of desolation (Matthew 24:15)
• The rebuilding of the temple (in which the Antichrist will declare himself to be God, 2 Thessalonians 2:4)
• The divine judgments that will take place against the inhabitants of the Earth (Revelation 6–18)
• The great battle of Armageddon (Rev. 16:14–16)
So, why would the authors of the New Testament tell us over and over to look for, watch for, and wait for the Savior? If the Rapture is going to happen at the end of the Tribulation period, there’s no need to look for Christ. He’s at least seven years off. We should be looking for signs.
Only those who believe in a pretribulational Rapture can honestly say, “Jesus may come today!” For those who hold to a mid or posttribulational Rapture, Jesus’ coming must be at least 3.5 to 7 years away. Well, this seems to contradict the Scriptures that indicate Jesus’ coming could happen at any moment!
Luke 12:40 doesn’t say, “Therefore you also be ready, for the Antichrist is coming.”
No. Jesus said, “Therefore you also be ready, for the Son of Man [Jesus Christ] is coming at an hour you do not expect.”
So we need to be ready, Jesus could come for His bride at any time.
THE “LAST TRUMPET” OBJECTION
OBJECTION: “Hold on a second here! The apostle Paul seems to indicate in 1 Corinthians 15:52 that the Rapture will occur “in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet.” And then I look at Revelation 11 and it appears that the seventh and last trumpet the angel blows occurs near the end of the Tribulation. Wouldn’t this seem to point to a posttribulational Rapture?”
RESPONSE: Well, if the trumpet Paul mentioned in 1 Corinthians 15:52 was a reference to the seventh trumpet John wrote about 40 years later in the Book of Revelation, then yes there would be some legitimate reason to hold to a mid or posttribulational Rapture. But I don’t believe the trumpets are related. The trumpet that will be sounded at the Rapture is described as “the trumpet of God” in 1 Thessalonians 4:16 and is blown to announce Jesus’ coming for His church. The trumpet sounded in the Book of Revelation is an angel’s trumpet and deals with judgment.
Norman Geisler rightly points out that the posttribulational interpretation of these trumpets “rejects the historical-grammatical hermeneutic by equating “last trumpet” in one book by one author with “seventh trumpet” in another book by another author…there are no reasons to believe the audience at Corinth knew about the seven trumpets.” (Norman Geisler, Systematic Theology, Vol. 4, 628)
The Book of Revelation was written 40 years after Paul penned 1 Corinthians.
John Walvoord writes, “In Bible times trumpets were blown as a signaling device. In Israel a trumpet sounded when the nation began its marches in the wilderness. Another trumpet sounded when they stopped marching. Each series would have a first trumpet and a last trumpet. But the last trumpet for one event would not be the last trumpet for another.” (John Walvoord, End Times, 28)
So there are good reasons to believe that these trumpets are not related. One announces the coming of Christ for the church (1 Thessalonians 4; 1 Corinthians 15), the other judgment during the Tribulation (Revelation 11).
THE “JOHN NELSON DARBY” OBJECTION
OBJECTION: “All right Charlie. But I still have a problem with the newness of this viewpoint. It has only been on the scene since the time of John Nelson Darby in the 1830s. Surely, if the pretribulational Rapture were Biblical, then it would have been discovered earlier in church history.”
RESPONSE: This is one of the most popular criticisms of the pretribulational view, but it’s wrong to argue that an earlier view must be the correct view.
First, time has no necessary connection with truth; something can be new and true just as it can be old and false. (Norman Geisler, Systematic Theology, Vol. 4, 631)
The ancient Egyptians, Babylonians, and Chinese believed the Earth was flat. The newer understanding, that the Earth is round, is the correct understanding. Just because a belief was popular long ago does not mean that it’s correct. Some people in the early church held to some false doctrine.
• Some of the early church fathers taught baptismal regeneration
• Origin taught the preexistence of the soul and universalism
• Docetism (the denial of Christ’s humanity) was a belief John addressed in 1 John
• A form of Gnosticism that denied Christ’s deity was present in the Colossian church (Col. 2)
So again, just because a teaching was held to earlier, does not mean it was or is the accurate view.
Second, John Nelson Darby (1800–1882) was not the first one to teach a pretribulational Rapture. He may have helped popularize the viewpoint back in the 1840s, but he was not the first to discover it. Listen to this excerpt from a sermon by Ephraem of Syria, a respected Bible scholar who lived from about AD 306–373…
“Why therefore do we not reject every care of earthly actions and prepare ourselves for the meeting of the Lord Christ, so that he may draw us from the confusion, which overwhelms all the world?…For all the saints and elect of God are gathered, prior to the tribulation that is to come, and are taken to the Lord lest they see the confusion that is to overwhelm the world because of our sins.” –Ephraem of Syria in his sermon titled “On the Last Times, the Antichrist, and the End of the World.” (Source).
So, here is a pretribulational statement—outside of the Bible—that predates John Nelson Darby by at least a thousand years, written just a couple of centuries after the completion of the New Testament. And the author, Ephraem of Syria, made it clear that he believed Christians would escape the Tribulation by being “taken” to be with the Lord. This text, all alone, shoots down the mistaken idea that the Rapture was a new view invented by John Nelson Darby. And there are several other quotes about a pretribulational Rapture that predate John Nelson Darby. For examples, see this article by Thomas Ice.
But for those of us who believe in a pretribulational Rapture, the real question is not “What did men throughout church history think about the Rapture?” The important question is “What does God’s Word say about it?” We believe there is ample evidence in the Bible to support our conclusions. But regardless of who’s right about the timing of Christ’s return…
ALL CHRISTIANS ARE AGREED ABOUT THIS FACT:
JESUS IS COMING BACK.
And to that, I join Paul and John and say, “Maranatha” (1 Corinthians 16:22), “come Lord Jesus!” (Rev. 22:20).
CHARLIE H. CAMPBELL
is the founder of the ABR Apologetics Ministry, a popular guest teacher at churches and conferences in the United States and internationally, and the author of several books and DVDs, some of which include:
• The Bible’s Scientific Accuracy and Foresight
• Archaeological Evidence for the Bible
• One Minute Answers to Skeptics
• Scrolls & Stones: Compelling Evidence the Bible Can Be Trusted
• Evidence for God
• The Case for Christianity
• Answering Atheists
• The Case for the Resurrection
• If God is Loving, Why is there Evil and Suffering?
• Homosexuality and the Bible: Answering Objections to the Biblical View
• Teaching and Preaching God’s Word
• Apologetics Quotes
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